- Pre-project development
- General layout and transport
- Architectural and construction solutions
- Utilities projects
- Technological solutions
- Site improvements, exteriors and landscaping
Pre-project proposal is the initial package of documents required to meet the regulations applicable in the relevant region, and obtain the initial permits or architectural planning specification. Moreover, these documents help to assess the project, and lay down the precise requirements for further design.
Pre-project works are carried out in order to develop the principle (functional, constructive, stylistic, etc.) project solutions, which give a general overview of a proposed facility and its operation principles. They also help to assess the volume of the forthcoming works in advance. This stage is particularly important when working on large-scale projects, because it helps to avoid many difficulties in the course of further design.
The development of the plans, facades, sections, etc. in the frame of the selected project version is conducted in accordance with the concept worked out on the basis of the pre-project works and precisely formulated terms of reference. At this stage, we ultimately determine the frame, floor plan, number of floors, material, technical equipment and architectural solution; all this should provide a clear idea of the plan arrangement, bulk structure and external appearance of the building.
During the design process, the sketch details are specified and brought to the point of completion that allows us to get down to the design drawings. Taking into account the materials of pre-project concept we start negotiating with future tenants or facilities purchasers, and preparing permits. Errors at this stage may result in significant losses in the further course of design.
The standardized pre-project concept include:
- an explanatory note;
- basic technical and economic parameters;
- site plan;
- general layout and landscaping of the built-up area;
- building floor plans;
- sketches of sections;
- sketches of facades;
- perspective drawings;
- basic plan of the site;
- elevations of the built-up areas;
- technical report based on the results of the inspection for remodeling, repair (capital repair, maintenance) or continuation of construction;
- inspection aimed at identifying the possible design scope for construction, expansion, remodeling and repair of the facilities;
- development of the proposals for the siting of the facilities with approvals of the planned engineering and technical solutions.
General layout and transport
This section of the design documentation includes the following materials:
- general layouts (schematic general layouts) of the areas of buildings, constructions and their complexes;
- plans and projects of engineering and transport infrastructure;
- plans (projects) of landscaping of the areas of buildings, constructions and their complexes;
- greening plans;
- plans of site preparation.
Architectural and construction solutions
The architectural part of the project includes plans, sketches of sections and facades, as well as displays the constructive solutions for foundation, load-bearing and enclosing structures.
Design of the technologically difficult facilities is conducted in three stages:
1. Schematic or conceptual design. At this stage, we develop the basic conceptual solutions, and prepare the package of documents of a certain format to submit to the local architectural bureau for approval.
2. Design documentation. At this stage, we develop the basic architectural and construction solutions, such as space zoning, preparation of structural schemes, selection of construction and finishing materials, equipment and utility system architecture. The materials are presented in the form of several albums (volumes) containing all the basic data and technical and economic calculations regarding architectural and construction solutions, issues of energy supply, water supply and sewerage, heating and ventilation, communication and dispatching of engineering systems, transport network, etc. The materials of this stage are considered by the expertizing bodies and approved by the concerned organizations.
3. Detailed design documentation. At this stage, we carry out the detailed analysis of all the solutions developed in the design documentation. Detailed design documentation consists of over 20 sections, the contents of which make it possible for the qualified construction company to perform construction and installation works on-site. Only certain engineering sections are subjected to the utilities owners’ approval.
Water supply, sewerage
The following documents are required to develop water supply and sewerage plan:
- Technical requirements for water supply and sewerage;
- Design specification.
The Nota Bene Studio engineers can additionally execute the following project sections on a client’s request:
- Indoor water supply and sewerage systems (water supply and sewerage);
- Outdoor sewerage networks (outdoor sewerage);
- Outdoor water supply networks (outdoor water supply).
Water supply of buildings and constructions represents a unitary complex consisting of water intake facility (central water supply, well), pumping equipment, water treatment plants, water storage tank, water supply network, plumbing fixtures installed in the building, and irrigation devices.
Depending on the purpose of the buildings, the following indoor water supply systems are distinguished:
- For drinking and household purposes;
- Technical system (for production purposes);
- Fire alarm system.
Systems of indoor water supply (for drinking, household, production, fire protection purposes) include:
- building entrance facilities, water measurement units,
- distribution network riser pipes,
- connecting pipes to sanitary fixtures and processing units,
- tapware,mixing, shutoff and control valves.
Depending on the local conditions and technology of production, indoor water supply system should include pumping units, reserve and regulating tanks connected to the indoor water supply system.
Depending on the purpose of a building and requirements for the collection of wastewater it is necessary to design the following indoor sewerage systems:
- household – for diversion of wastewater from plumbing fixtures (toilets, sinks, baths, showers, etc.);
- production – for diversion of industrial wastewater;
- combined – for diversion of household and industrial wastewater provided there is the possibility of their joint transportation and treatment;
- internal downpipes – for diversion of rainwater and meltwater from building roofs.
Electricity supply and electrical equipment
In order to develop the electricity supply and electrical equipment plan, the following documents are required:
- Technical requirements for connection to the grid of the electricity supply organization;
- Permit for connection;
- Design specification.
The Nota Bene engineers can additionally develop the following projects:
- Indoor electricity supply equipment (ЭМ);
- Indoor electric lighting (electric lighting);
- Lightning protection and grounding (lightning protection and grounding);
- Outdoor electric lighting (ЭС);
- Outdoor electricity supply network (electricity supply).
Upon design completion, the client is provided with a full package of documents, including single-line diagrams, plans of indoor and outdoor power and lighting networks laying, and specifications. This package is subjected to approval by the supervisory bodies and operating organization; documentation contained in the package is enough to allow a specialized organization to carry out installation works.
Heating, ventilation and air conditioning
In order to develop the heating, ventilation and air conditioning plan, the following documents are required:
- Technical requirements;
- Design specification.
The Nota Bene Studio engineers can additionally execute the following project sections:
- Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (heating and ventilation);
- Heat networks (heat networks).
The Nota Bene team develops technological solutions for:
- Multi-purpose buildings and complexes including premises used for various purposes;
- Hotels and hotel complexes;
- Administrative and office buildings;
- Shopping and entertainment centres;
- Storage buildings and complexes;
- Public catering establishments (canteens, cafes, restaurants, commercial kitchens);
- Industrial buildings used for various business purposes.
Site improvements, exteriors and landscaping
Site improvements and landscaping
Landscaping, or landscape design is an area of creative activity, aimed at formation of the human environment with the help of predominantly natural elements, such as ground surface (terrain and soil), water and vegetation.
Any garden can be transformed into a real home park, if enough attention is paid to its design and use of decorative elements. We, the Nota Bene team, know how to lay out a garden that will bring you pleasure and the feeling of harmony every day. Our secret is that we consider landscape design to be one of the art forms, which requires professional knowledge in the respective field from its creators.
One of the major issues in landscape design is the ability of a designer to imagine the dynamics of the garden appearance in five, ten or more years, when trees and bushes change their sizes and shapes of their crowns, and most natural processes not taken into account in the project probably change other landscape elements as well, in advance.
The Nota Bene designers will create small architectural forms, taking into consideration your wishes, and our highly skilled staff will make your dreams come true.
Small architectural forms in the garden include pavilions, gazebos, bridges, pergolas, trellises, fences, flowerpots, garden furniture, garden sculpture, playground equipment, garden fireplaces, etc. They can be made of various materials – wood, metal, stone, brick, plastic, etc. Virtually all small architectural forms have a functional purpose, as well as play an important role in the decoration of the garden.